Gum disease is the inflammation of soft tissue that surrounds the teeth. Extensive gum disease can lead to the reduction of bone support around the roots of the teeth resulting in tooth loss.
Bacteria, also known as plaque, can become trapped below the gums leading to inflammation, bleeding, and mobility of the teeth. Other causes of gum disease include poor oral hygiene, smoking, diabetes, family history, and other systemic diseases
Removal of bacteria is the primary treatment for gum disease. This is accomplished by addressing gum disease before it becomes severe. Scaling and root planing, which is basically removing tartar and smoothing the root surfaces, may be the only treatment you need; however, aftercare is critical. In order to keep your teeth in good condition and prevent future gum disease, you must brush and floss daily, eat a healthy diet, avoid tobacco use, and have regular checkups at our Providence, RI dental office. Even after successful scaling and root planing, if you don’t practice good habits, it is possible that a surgical option will be necessary to reduce the amount of damaged tissue and prevent bacteria from collecting below the gum line.
At Paolucci Family Dentists, we have a board-certified periodontist on our staff. We find this enables patients to remain in the same location for all their periodontal needs. This includes all facets of treatment including surgical intervention. We will recommend the procedure that is best suited to the condition of your teeth and gums.